Endemic goiter and cretinism-continuing threats to world health

report of the IV Meeting of the PAHO Technical, Group on Endemic Goiter held in Guaruja, São Paulo, Brazil, 14-18 October 1973 by Pan American Health Organization. Scientific Group on Research in Endemic Goiter.

Publisher: Pan American Health Organization, Pan American Sanitary Bureau, Regional Office of the World Health Organization in Washington

Written in English
Published: Pages: 304 Downloads: 70
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Subjects:

  • Endemic goiter -- Congresses.,
  • Cretinism -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Statementcompiled and edited by John T. Dunn, Geraldo A. Medeiros-Neto.
SeriesScientific publication - Pan American Health Organization ; no. 292, Publicaciones científicas (Washington, D.C.) ;, no. 292.
ContributionsDunn, John T. 1932-, Medeiros Neto, Geraldo A. de.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRA10 .P252 no. 292, RC656 .P252 no. 292
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 304 p. :
Number of Pages304
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4190653M
LC Control Number80469203

Eastern and southeastern Europe. In: Endemic goiter and endemic cretinism, edited by J.B. Endemic goiter and cretinism: Continuing threats to world health. (). Endemic goitre and endemic (). Further decrease in thyroidal uptake and disappearance of endemic goitre in children after 30 years of iodine Prophylaxis in the east of. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus. This work reports the presence of endemic cretinism in a small district located inside an endemic goiter area in north-eastern Sicily, personally described. The study covers 19 mental defectives (11 females and 8 males, mean age +/- yr) selected on the basis . Fierro Benitez R, Ramirez I, Estrella E, Stanbury JB The role of iodine in intellectual development in an area of endemic goiter. In: Dunn JT and Medeiros Neto GP (eds) Endemic Goiter and Cretinism: Continuing Threats to World Health. PAHO .

A goitre, or goiter, is a swelling in the neck resulting from an enlarged thyroid gland. A goitre can be associated with a thyroid that is not functioning properly.. Worldwide, over 90% of goitre cases are caused by iodine deficiency. The term is from the Latin gutturia, meaning throat. Most goitres are of a benign nature.. Signs and symptoms. A goitre can present as a palpable or visible. Ramírez, E. Estrelia, and J.B. Stanbury, "The Role of Iodine in Intellectual Development in an Area of Endemic Goiter," in J.T. Dunn and G.A. Medeiros, eds., Endemic Goiter and Cretinism: Continuing Threats to World Health (Pan American Health Organization, Washington, ). Endemic goitr e and cretinism: Continuing. threats to world health. W ashington DC, USA: The important role of iodine deficiency as an etiologic factor in endemic goiter is firmly established.   Multinodular goiter is very common in cases having euthyroid goiter but other conditions such as diffuse goiter, thyroiditis and neoplasm can also be present in euthyroid state Present study showed severe urinary iodine deficiency in 82% and moderate iodine deficiency in 17% women of the endemic goiter area.

  ABSTRACT. The World Health Organization (WHO) recently increased their recommended iodine intake during pregnancy from to μg/d and suggested that a median urinary iodine (UI) concentration of – μg/L indicates adequate iodine intake in pregnant ropin concentrations in blood collected from newborns 3–4 d after birth may be a . Iodine deficiency exists in most of the world, including the Americas. Until about , virtually every country in the hemisphere except Canada, Chile, the United States and some small Caribbean islands harbored at least some iodine deficiency (1,2).The past two decades have seen great global progress towards iodine sufficiency, principally through the widespread consumption of iodized salt. Riccabona G. Hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer in an endemic area. In: Endemic Goitre and Cretinism: Continuing Threats to World Health. ; PAHO Sci Pub, no. Correa P, Castro S.. Survey of Pathology of Thyroid Gland from Calì, Colombia, a goiter area. Lab Invest. ; . THE association of goiter and congenital deafness was described by Vaughan Pendred in , in a family in which two of five children were deaf mutes and had large uent reports on families with Pendred’s syndrome, many of them highly inbred, documented an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance (2, 3).As first demonstrated by Morgans and Trotter in (), the administration.

Endemic goiter and cretinism-continuing threats to world health by Pan American Health Organization. Scientific Group on Research in Endemic Goiter. Download PDF EPUB FB2

ENDEMIC GOITER AND CRETINISM: CONTINUING THREATS TO WORLD HEALTH Report of the iV Meeting of the PAHOTechnical Groupon Endemic Goiter held inGuaruja, Sao Paulo, BraziJ, October Compiled and edited by: JOHN T.

DUNN, M.D. Department of Medicine University of Virginia School of Medicine Charlottesville, Virginia GERALDO A.

MEDEIROS-NETO. ENDEMIC GOITER AND CRETINISM: CONTINUING THREATS TO WORLD HEALTH Report of the iV Meeting of the PAHO Technical Group on Endemic Goiter held in Guaruja, Säo Paulo, Brazil, October Compiled and edited by: JOHN T.

DUNN, M.D. Department of Medicine University of Virginia School of Medicine Charlottesville, Virginia. Author(s): Pan American Health Organization.

Technical Group on Endemic Goiter. Meeting,(4th: Guarujá, Brazil) Title(s): Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world health: report of the IV Meeting of the PAHO Technical Group on Endemic Goiter held in Guarujá, São Paulo, Brazil, October / compiled and edited by John T.

Dunn, Geraldo A. Medeiros-Neto. Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world health. Report of the IV Meeting of the PAHO Technical Group on Endemic Goiter (11). This document was published in following the fourth meeting of the PAHO Technical Group on Endemic Goiter held in Guarujá, São Paulo, Brazil, 14–18 Octoberto.

Iodine deficiency is a serious international health problem affecting about people in Asia alone. It may cause only goitre, and the term endemic goitre is used when more than 10% of the population have enlargement of the thyroid.

In many regions, a Author: I. Ross McDougall. The term endemic goiter denotes any goiter occurring in a region where goiter is prevalent. As mentioned, endemic goiter almost always occurs in areas of environmental iodine deficiency.

Although this condition is estimated to affect more than million people throughout the world and is of major public health significance, it is most. In the earlier part of this century most concern was concentrated on vitamins and mineral deficiencies and resulting diseases (including endemic goiter) but during recent years investigators have also been concerned about the avaiability of sufficient quantities of high-quality proteins and calories especially to the vulnerable groups of the.

Prognosis of endemic goiter. The prognosis of endemic goiter depends on the stage at which the disease, the form was diagnosed, and also from compliance with all the recommendations prescribed by the doctor.

In most cases, thanks to modern technologies, the disease does not pose a threat to the life and health of the patient. Lancet i: Querido A, Delange F, Dunn JT et al () Definitions of endemic goitre and cretinism; classification of goitre size and severity of endemias and, survey techniques.

In Dunn JT & Medeiros-Neto GA (eds) Endemic Goitre and Cretinism: Continuing Threats to World Health, pp Washington: PAHO Scientific Publications no. Endemic Goiter and Cretinism: Continuing Threats to World Health, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D.C.

() –, Sci. Publ. Google Scholar. In: Dunn JT, Medeiros-Neto GA. Eds: Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world health.

Pan American Health Organisation, Scientific Publication. In: Dunn JT, Medeiros-Neto GA, ed. Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world health: report of the 9th meeting of the PAHO Technical Group on Endemic Goiter held in Guaruja, Sao Paulo, Brazil, OctoberCountry of Publication: United States Publisher: Washington, D.C., Pan American Health Organization,   Journals & Books; Help Download full and their eradication Lancet ii 29 2 Dunn Jt Medeiros-Neto Ga Endemic goitre and cretinism: Continuing threats to world health World Health Organisation Washington, DC Pan American Health Organisation, Scientific Publication No 3 Gutekunst R.

Groth K. Scnba Pc Windier B. Zur. Elnour A, Hambraeus L, Eltom M, Dramaix M, Bourdoux P. Endemic goiter with iodine sufficiency: a possible role for the consumption of pearl millet in the etiology of endemic goiter.

Am J Clin Nutr ; pmid: Ministry of Health, Directorate General Primary Health Care, National Nutrition Department. IDD baseline survey. In nearly all regions affected by iodine deficiency, salt iodisation is the most cost‐effective way of delivering iodine and of improving cognition.

1, 2 Worldwide, the annual costs of salt iodisation are estimated at US$– per child covered, and the costs per child death averted are US$ and per Disability‐adjusted life year (DALY) gained are US$34– 6 However, in some. Fierro-Benitez, R, Ramirez, I, Estrella, E & Stanbury, JB () The role of iodine deficiency in intellectual development in an area of endemic goiter.

In Endemic Goiter and Cretinism: Continuing Threats to World Health Pan American Health Organization Publication no. pp. – [Dunn, J and Medeiros-Neto, GA, editors].

Author(s): Salveraglio,F J Title(s): Gaining public acceptance of prophylaxis: experience from the campaign against endemic goiter in Uruguay/ F.J.

Salveraglio. In: Dunn JT, ed. Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world health Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Washington, D.C., Pan American Health Organization, Querido A., Delange F., Dunn J.T., Fierro-Benitez R., Ibbertson H.K., Koutras D.A., Perinetti H.

Definitions of endemic goiter and cretinism, classifications of. Fierro-Benitez, I Ramirez, E. Estrella and J.B. Stanbury, The role of iodine deficiency in intellectual development in an area of endemic goiter, in: Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world health, J.

Dunn and G.A. Medeiros-Neto eds., Pan American Health Organization Scientific Publication n°pp. – (). This work reports the presence of endemic cretinism in a small district located inside an endemic goiter area in north-eastern Sicily, personally described.

() The role of iodine deficiency in intellectual development in an area of endemic goiter. in Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world health.

eds Dunn J, Medeiros-Neto GA (Pan American Health Organization, Washington), No – ↵. Endemic Goiter & Cretinism Continuing Threats to World Health Presented to American Thyroid Assoc. Dr. John Dunn Sao Paulo, Brazil Oct.

Scientific Publications Narcotics & the Hypothalamus Raven Press, Publishers Articles of Incorporation & Bylaws Stouffer's Riverfront Inn, Saint Louis, Missouri September Pretell EA, Moncloa F, Salinas R, Guerra-García R, Kawano A, Gutiérrez L, et al.

Endemic goiter in rural Peru: effect of iodized oil on prevalence and size of goiter and on thyroid iodine metabolism in known endemic goitrous populations. In: Stanbury JB, editor. Endemic goiter, PAHO. Endemic goiter and cretinism: Continuing threats to world health.

Fan American Health Organization Scientific Publication no. Endemic goiter and endemic cretinism—iodine nutrition in health and disease. Description: p. Language: English MeSH: Delivery of Health Care; Health Services; Health; Medicine; Preventive Medicine*; Primary Health Care*; Public Health* Notes: Report of the 4th Meeting of the PAHO Technical Group of Endemic Goiter held in.

Endemic goiter and cretinism: Continuing threats to world health. Pan American Health Organization Scientific Publication no().

Iodine deficiency, hypothyroidism and endemic goitre in Southern Tanzania. Iodine Deficiency and Endemic Cretinism Michael B. Zimmermann Introduction Bernard Courtois, a French chemist, accidentally discovered iodine (atomic weight ) in while producing gunpowder for Napoleon's army.

He was extracting sodium carbonate from seaweed ash to use for manufacture of saltpeter (nitrate). Applying sulfuric acid to clean out the metal vats used to burn. Endemic goiter term is used when the local prevalence is greater than 5 - 10% Common in mountainous and iodine deficient areas of the world where the diet contains insufficient amount of iodine Iodine supplementation reduces frequency of goiter but may increase prevalence of autoimmunity (Hormones (Athens) ;) and follicular neoplasm.

Endemic Cretinism Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Myxedema. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now. Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.

World Health Organization. Endemic goitre. Geneva, (OCoLC) Online version: World Health Organization. Endemic goitre. Geneva, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Frederick W Clements; World Health Organization. Endemic cretinism, deaf-mutism and motor abnormalities were highly correlated with the severest intensity of endemic goiter.

The cretins studied did not appear to be hypothyroid. Funding and. The World Health Organization declared that ID is, after starvation, the single most important cause of preventable brain damage, including different degrees of mental retardation and disabling cerebral palsy.

et al. Iodine deficiency and the maternal-fetal relationship. In Endemic goiter and cretinism: continuing threats to world.Endemic Goiter, also known as Multinodular Goiter, is the presence of a goiter caused by nutritional deficiency of Iodine.

As table salt is now supplemented with iodine, endemic goiter is almost never observed except in on some occasions in developing countries.